1.6.11. System of regulation of the drive of driving wheels (ASR)
The system of regulation of the drive of driving wheels prevents skidding of driving wheels at dispersal of the car.
The system of regulation of the drive of driving wheels (ASR) is a component of electronic system of dynamic stabilization (ESP).
Under adverse road conditions the system of regulation of the drive of driving wheels (ASR) considerably facilitates start-off about places, dispersal and the movement uphill.
Principle of action
ASR works in the automatic mode, i.e. without participation of the driver. By means of sensors the ABS device controls the frequency of rotation of driving wheels. At skidding of wheels there is a reduction of frequency of rotation of a shaft of the engine and by that the traction effort with road conditions is brought into accord. The device works in all range of speeds.
ASR works together with ABS. At malfunction of ABS also ASR will not work.
Condition of trouble-free operation of ASR is installation of the same tires on all four wheels of the car. Unequal tires can lead to undesirable deceleration of power of the engine.
Wear of overlays of brake shoes considerably is defined by service conditions and a manner of driving of the car. Wear considerably accelerates at the frequent movement in city conditions and on small distances or at a sports manner of driving.
In certain situations, for example, after driving through water, at a heavy rain or after a wash of the car, the brake effect can be late because of moistening, and in the winter even to occur frosting of brake slips or disks. In this case dry brakes snubbing.
Delay of brake effect is possible also after a long break in use of brakes when driving on roads, salted. First of all remove with a podtormazhivaniye a salt layer on brake disks and slips.
Emergence of corrosion of brake disks and pollution of slips are promoted by long idle standing of the car, an insignificant run and low loadings of the brake system.
At low loading of the brake system, and also at emergence of corrosion it is recommended clean brake disks and slips rather strong repeated braking at an average speed of the car.
Malfunction of the brake system
Sudden increase in the course of a brake pedal can объяснимитеся refusal of one of contours of the double-circuit brake system. Urgently address on the nearest specialized enterprise for malfunction elimination. At the same time go slowly and on the road you remember increase in effort to a pedal of a brake and increase in a brake way.
Low level of brake fluid
When falling level of brake fluid there can be malfunctions of the brake system. Level of brake fluid is controlled by electronics.
It is possible to carry out braking for the purpose of cleaning of the brake system only under favorable road conditions and provided that it will not constitute danger to other participants of traffic.
Never brake easy pressing a brake pedal if in it really there is no need. It leads to an overheat of brakes and by that to increase in a brake way and the increased wear.
At the long movement under a bias reduce previously speed, include the following low gear (the mechanical transmission) or the lowered range (the automatic transmission). Thereby the brake effect of the engine is used and loading of the brake system decreases. You brake in case of need with intervals, but it is not long.
Amplifier of the brake drive
The amplifier of the brake drive helps braking.
The amplifier of the brake drive strengthens pressure when pressing a pedal of a brake. The amplifier operates only at the working engine.
The amplifier of the brake drive operates only in the presence of the vacuum created by the working engine. Therefore never allow the movements of the car a setup with the idle engine.
When the amplifier of the brake drive does not work, for example, because of its damage or need of towage of the car, the effort to a brake pedal has to be is much bigger usual.